Sunday, December 31, 2017

Reflecting on Leadership, a New Year's reading recommendation list

keywords:  resources, recommended reading, leadership, teamwork, reflection
Recommended Reading on Leadership
(some books also available in audio format)
links and content updated 02.17.2020

For the Healthcare Program Leader, Change-Agent, or Integrative Health program "Champion", and Hospital Sponsor, current and future  

General Leadership Book Favorites
What I am reading or re-reading in 2020
last updated 2.17.2020. Watch our "Leadership & Workplace Mondays" posts for most recent updates

Classics--recommended foundational reading
If you are looking for related leadership and workplace recommendations in an audio or audiovisual form beyond these books, go to our growing list of Lunchtime Listen recommendations.

What are your favorite books on leadership and why?  Please write in the comments.

related blogposts

If you have found these recommendations helpful, please contribute toward the costs of supporting this blog resource and building related resources on our website.

Sunday, December 17, 2017

Gift Ideas for the Graduate Medical Student or Health Care Provider

The Graduate Medical Student, Resident, or Practitioner interested in Integrative Health
list and links updated 02.17.2020
You can request these books from your library, through the Libby app (Overdrive), or buy via the Amazon links. If you follow an Amazon link from this page and buy within a few hours, a few pennies of your purchase goes toward the Hospital Handbook Project. However, if you find this work useful, the best way to support this work is through our "support us" page on the website. Thank you.

Feed Your Mind

Practical Stuff for Work    
Yeti mug

See the Gift Idea page for more inspiration and links to fair trade coffee and chocolate

Getting Used to the Workplace as an Employee-Clinician

Research Resources for the Hospital-based Clinician

If this was useful, please support this community work.  
You can buy me a coffee, sponsor a newsletter, or sponsor a project via the website.

The Integrative Medicine Researcher
updated 12.15.2018

  1. Are you researcher interested in designing studies in the field of integrative health/integrative medicine?
  2. Are you an integrative health (IH) program director, designated IH "champion" for your department or facility, or the program lead?
  3. Are you a integrative health clinician looking to design your clinical metrics?
  4. Or, are you a graduate student looking to understanding more about research in the field?

Each of the above 4 have slightly different resource needs.

  • First, no matter which of the 4 you identify as, I recommend you sign up for the email list to have access to our basic resources and be notified of updates in our resources as they are created.  
  • Second, if you are not finding what you need through the following resource links, please contact me via the website contact page.  Some resources are still in development.  And, I would like feedback if our resources need some updates or improvements.  Thank you.  

In the spirit of the "gift ideas" and resource recommendations, here is a list of items available through Amazon.  When you follow the Amazon affiliate links on this page and purchase an item within a few hours, a few pennies goes toward the Hospital Handbook Project.  However, several of these resources are not available from Amazon, so we drafted a resource pdf of bibliographies, etc.  If you are interested in that pdf, please contact me through the contact page on the website.

(1) The Researcher interested in Designing Studies in the Integrative Health Field
Books available through Amazon—just follow these links:
(2) The Integrative Health Program Director or Program Champion

  • We have a growing resource list.  The basics are in this post.
  • When you are ready to dive deeper and into more specifics for a specialty or program or research and pilot studies in that specific field, please contact us via the website for the "Researcher's Resource List" and other specifics you are interested in, such as published citations of work.
  • We recently (2018) started an interview series, to be identified with the keyword tag "interview series".  The first published interview is with Dr. John Burns of Aurora Health system of Wisconsin and their Emergency Department program.  If you, your program, or facility would like to sponsor or co-sponsor this series or similar work, contact me via the website.
(3) The Integrative Health Clinician interested in clinical metrics

  • Courses:  we are creating short courses on basics of using metrics in clinical practice, based on feedback from the community
  • Follow these tags/keywords in the blog and the website: 
    • metrics, research literacy, study design, grants and funding, interview series, webinar series
  • and look at suggestions in #4 below.

(4) The Graduate Student Looking to Understand more about Research in the Field 

What is the Researcher's Resource List?

  • This is a pdf compilation of citations of recommend resources for the beginning or established researcher interested in the field of integrative health and particularly acupuncture.  The list has been compiled with feedback from the Hospital practice Handbook Project community.  It contains favorite reads and resources on clinical research design, published research and pilot studies, and common research field issue discussions.  If you are interested in this pdf, send me a specific message through the contact page of the website.

Thank you for supporting this work!  You can support this work directly through the website from buying me a cup of coffee while I draft resources, supporting operating costs for a day, or sponsoring a newsletter.  Thank you.

You can follow us by subscribing to this blog, joining the email newsletter list, and following our Facebook page.

Related Information on Resources and/or Gift Ideas

Saturday, December 9, 2017

Most Popular Posts of Autumn

Autumn Blogroll Review

For an update on the Hospital Practice Handbook Project work, please see In November, the Chum Salmon Run.

This Autumn, I did a series of posts related to the opioid epidemic as several major reference papers and recommendations for non-pharmacologic therapies from national organizations have come out over the past year.  Currently, the most popular of these posts is The Medication Review and Calculating the Morphine Equivalent Dose (MEQ) which, while reviewing how to recognize common opioid medications, also has links to several good resources on opioid safety training for both allied health and primary care providers.
Medication Review and Review of Systems:  Opioid Med side effects
The White Paper:  Acupuncture's Role in the Opioid Epidemic
Joint Commission Pain Management Standard update
37 Attorney Generals Push Incentives for Non-Pharm Pain Relief Therapy

The Lunchtime Listen series continues to be popular, particularly Duke University's Launching an Integrative Health ProgramCheck out the latest installment of the series with Opioid Epidemic.

Previous Blogroll Reviews
Most Popular Posts of the Spring Fundraiser

Monday, November 27, 2017

Lunchtime Listen: The Opioid Epidemic

keywords:  medication review, the opioid crisis, pain management, non-pharm options, the Surgeon General's Call to Action about the Opioid Epidemic, public health crisis, lunchtime listen audiovisual

updated 3.10.2020

Today's Lunchtime Listen recommendation, "Opioid Overdose Epidemic:  A Call to Action" is an audiovisual presentation, supported by the federal Joint Pain Education Project (JPEP), has several statistics about the opioid prescription increase, what the opioid epidemic is, side effects of opioids (pain sensitization, poor sleep), etc.  It mentions the 2016 U.S. Surgeon General's Call to Action about the Opioid Epidemic.    length of video:  about 26 minutes.

While the video is a module intended for prescribing practitioners, it has good information for non-prescribing practitioners to understand when talking with your prescribing colleagues about what you offer as non-pharm pain management therapy options for patients.

"1/4 of patients on long-term use opioids for chronic pain struggle with opioid use disorder"
"In 2014, accidental deaths from opioids exceeded accidental deaths from motor vehicle accidents"

After minute 25, the summary:
Instead, it is recommended primary care providers consider which non-opioid and non-pharm therapies are appropriate.  
Here's a quick guide about what non-pharm therapies are commonly used in pain programs and how to refer created by several integrative medicine national organizations:  Moving Beyond Medications

Online Modules for Acupuncturists who Treat Pain

Blog articles related to opioid medications and non-pharm options

More Lunchtime Learning Recommendations

If you have found this blog and its posts useful, contribute $5 or $25 today to support this resource (blog and website).  Thank you.  If you or your business/program want to sponsor or co-sponsor a specific project, like the Webinar Series, contact me.  

Do you want to follow our work at the Hospital Handbook Project?  Just join the contact list on the website, subscribe to the blog, and like our Facebook page.

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

In November, the Chum Salmon Run: Update on the HH Project Work

key words:  project update, fundraising, opioid crisis, online courses

Here in the Pacific Northwest, we have several "runs" of salmon.  Last week I chaperoned a school field trip for my daughter's class where we travelled to Twanoh State Park, where the Olympic mountains meet the southern portion of the Hood Canal. See quick video of it here.

Time for the monthly progress update.   I continue to learn more about the Teachable platform for hosting online courses as we finish up the beta-testing phase of the Workers’ Comp Documentation Toolkit:  (East Asian Medicine) Practitioner’s Perspective.  I designed this course for the WA L&I Acupuncture Pilot Participants to be successful in transitioning to this style of clinical work and the state workers’ comp system of documentation and reimbursement.

I have continued to post short clips of my Hospital Handbook Project work in the blog.  (The book manuscript has more comprehensive information.)   Recently have posted a series of posts related to the current opioid crisis.  The following posts are useful for the patient or patient advocate: 
And these posts are intended for the practitioner:
If you missed it, you can still listen (or watch, when there is video), a recommended Lunchtime Learning series from the related blogposts or from the YouTube playlist.

Our Facebook Page is growing.  Please “like” our page and rate it (if you like the information).  You can also send me messages/email through the Hospital Handbook Project Facebook page.
Book progress--I am going through edits of the manuscript and learning more about self-publishing process every month.

“Gratitude makes sense of our past, brings peace for today, and creates a vision for tomorrow.” –Melody Beattie

Tuesday, November 14, 2017

The White Paper, Acupuncture's Role in Solving the Opioid Epidemic

keywords:  research literacy, acupuncture for pain relief, acupuncture for pain management, non-pharm pain management options, the opioid epidemic, the cost-effectiveness of acupuncture, the acupuncture analgesia mechanism, acupuncture, and neuroplasticity

"The United States is facing a national opioid epidemic, and medical systems are in need of non-pharmacological strategies that can be employed to decrease the public’s opioid dependence." 

"Acupuncture is an effective, safe, and cost-effective treatment for numerous types of acute and chronic pain. Acupuncture should be recommended as a first line treatment for pain before opiates are prescribed, and may reduce opioid use."

In September 2017, the white paper, Acupuncture's Role in Solving the Opioid Epidemic:  Evidence, Cost-Effectiveness, and Care Availability for Acupuncture as a Primary, Non-Pharmacologic Method for Pain Relief and Management, was published by The Joint Acupuncture Opioid Task Force, chaired by Bonnie Bolash, MAc.

This white paper is just 15 pages long and incredibly well-referenced (21 pages long when including references section).  You can look at a copy on Evidenced-based Acupuncture's website.

This work was a collaboration of the following national and international organizations:  The American Society of Acupuncturists (ASA), The American Alliance for Professional Acupuncture Safety (AAPAS), The Acupuncture Now Foundation (ANF), The American TCM Association (ATCMA), The American TCM Society (ATCMS), and the National Federation of TCM Organizations (NFTCMO).

All the topics in the paper are supported by research in the endnotes/reference section.
I highlighted some topics with a related quote below.  Check out the full paper here.

For anyone asking, how does acupuncture work?  The paper states,
 "mechanisms of action for acupuncture have been described and are understandable from biomedical, physiologic perspectives." 

Is acupuncture cost-effective?
"...acupuncture’s cost-effectiveness could dramatically decrease health care expenditures, both from the standpoint of treating acute pain and through avoiding the development of opioid addiction that requires costly care, destroys quality of life, and can lead to fatal overdose."

Who recommends it?
"Acupuncture has been recommended as a first line non-pharmacologic therapy by the FDA, as well as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in coping with the opioid crisis. The Joint Commission has also mandated that hospitals provide non-pharmacologic pain treatment modalities." [section 4]
"Numerous federal regulatory agencies have advised or mandated that healthcare systems and providers offer non-pharmacological treatment options, and acupuncture stands as the most evidence-based, immediately available choice to fulfill these calls.  Acupuncture can safely, easily, and cost-effectively be incorporated into hospital settings as diverse as the emergency department, labor and delivery suites, and neonatal intensive care units to treat a variety of pain seen commonly in hospitals." 

Acupuncture and neuroplasticity

"Acupuncture is effective for the treatment of chronic pain involving maladaptive neuroplasticity" and "acupuncture has the capacity to reverse adverse neuroplastic changes" [section 3]

Source:  The September 2017 white paper, Acupuncture's Role in Solving the Opioid Epidemic:  Evidence, Cost-Effectiveness, and Care Availability for Acupuncture as a Primary, Non-Pharmacologic Method for Pain Relief and Management
scientific journal citation:
Fan AY, Miller DW, Bolash B, Bauer M, Faggert S, He H, Li YM, Matecki A, Camardell L, Koppelman MH, Stone J, McDonald J, Meade L, Pang J.  Acupuncture's Role in Solving the Opioid Epidemic:  Evidence, Cost-Effectiveness, and Care Availability for Acupuncture as a Primary, Non-Pharmacologic Method for Pain Relief and Management --White Paper 2017. J Integr Med. 2017; 15(6): 411-425.

Simultaneously published in Meridians:  Journal of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, winter 2018.

Related blogposts

Useful Infographic on Non-Pharm Pain Relief Options for a PCM

Thursday, November 2, 2017

Professional Practice: Discerning Medication Side Effects from Symptoms and Signs

Medication Review and Review of Systems:  Side Effects of Opioid Medications
revised 3.10.2020
This is now available, with other download-able pdfs in this short online course
Keywords:  medication review, documentation standards, professional practice (OPPE), opioids, MEQ, medication side effects, workers’ comp, pain management

Why do you need to know?
It is important and useful for an EAMP to consider the side effects of a patient’s medications.  This helps when going through the assessment, including the Review of Systems (ROS), to discern what is a side effect from a medication (branch or twig) vs. what is endemic to the constitution or specific condition (root and/or earlier branch). 

What is the source of the following information?
The August 2017 CDC online training based on the January 2016 CDC Guidelines on Safe Opioid Prescribing, “Applying CDC’s Guideline for Prescribing Opioids”

Common Side Effects of Opioid Use
Dry mouth
Tolerance/loss of medication effectiveness
Physical dependence
Decreases ability to safely operate equipment
Sexual dysfunction

Red Flags—Be Wary of Opioid Medication + Nervous System Depressants
Drinking alcohol
Why is this a red flag? 
These combinations [opioid + benzodiazepine or opioid + drinking alcohol] can quickly lead to respiratory depression (slowed and stopped breathing)

Serious Risks Associated with Opioid Use
Opioid use disorder
Respiratory depression
Decreased ability to safely operate a vehicle
Unintentional ingestion by household members/others (children)

What Conditions Make People at Extra High Risk for Adverse Events or Death d/t Overdose when taking Opioids, according to the 2016 CDC Guideline?
If they have a history of:
Any sleep disorders
Renal or hepatic (liver) problem
Alcohol or substance use problem
Age:  65+
Pregnancy (pregnant women)
If they currently have one of the following:
Alcohol or substance use
Prescribed over 50 MME/day
Taking benzodiazepines
Treated with methadone

Reference for the above information:
Source: 2016 CDC Guidelines on Safe Opioid Prescribing.  For the related CEU training, go to the CDC course, Applying CDC’s Guideline for Prescribing Opioids  

Useful Infographic when Communicating with PCM Colleagues about Non-Pharm Pain Relief Options
Moving Beyond Medications: Non-Pharm Approaches to Pain Management and Well-Being, a one-page infographic for PCMs, a collaborative work by several national Integrative Medicine groups.

Related Blogposts
Calculating Morphine Equivalent Dose (MEQ)
Metrics and Pain Management, using a Validated Pain Scale

More about sleep disturbance as a side effect of opioid medications, see Sleep disturbance in patients taking opioid medication for chronic back pain, published 2016 in the journal Anaesthesia by Robertson and Purple et al.

Biomedicine Review of Opioids

If you found this information useful, please contribute to this resource via our website.  Thank you.

For full access to this article as a pdf plus several related pdfs, please go to our related short online course on Calculating MED: Medication Review Standard.

copyright Megan Kingsley Gale
Do not reproduce without the author's written permission

The author can be reached through the Hospital Practice Handbook's Facebook Page.  Just use the "message" feature on that Facebook Page.

Monday, October 23, 2017

The Medication Review and Calculating Morphine Equivalent Dose (MEQ)

Calculating Morphine Equivalent Dose (MEQ)
Last updated 2020.03.10
Now available as an online short course with pdf(s)

Keywords:  documentation standards, pain medications, opioid medications, calculating morphine equivalent dose (MED), MEQ, medication review, metrics, pain management, opioids, workers' comp, return-to-work clinic model

Morphine Equivalent Dose Calculation (MEQ)
The morphine equivalent dose is a way of tracking how much opioid-type medication a patient is taking on a daily basis. There are multiple medications that contain morphine, hence the calculation.

MEQ is a useful tool for determining red flags and for tracking (by the individual patient or a general measure of all patients in specific outpatient clinic environment) how much opioid-type pain meds patients are taking before starting EAM treatment vs. when they finish treatment. MEQ data taken at initial and re-evaluations is a useful way to track that info. 

1.    First, do the medication review with the patient.
In a medication review, you take down patient-reported information on prescriptions, over-the-counter meds and supplements.
If the patient is unclear about what they are taking, communicate with the referring provider to get this information. 
[The ACPA has a useful wallet card for patients to track their meds.]

2.    Second, recognize which prescriptions are opioid-based medications.
Names of commonly prescribed opioid medications
Fentanyl transdermal

3.    Third, after you have finished the med review, plug the opioid-based prescriptions and daily mg dosages into the online Opioid Conversion calculator to determine the daily morphine equivalent dose (MEQ).  Report/track this number in the MEQ portion in the medication review section of your chart note template.

4.    Fourth, note Red Flags such as MEQs above 50 and medication panels that include opioids plus one or more of the following:  mood drugs, sleep drugs.  For specific medication names and drug classes that warrant red flags, review the WA State Opioid Safety free CEU training.  Know how and when to make appropriate referrals or communication with the referring provider.

Quick double-check: did you remember to ask your patient (who is on an opioid medication), about their pain?  Did you track this on a validated pain scale?  Learn more about pain scales in this post.

Related Resources

Primary Care-Specific Resources (Physicians, Nurse Practitioners, PAs)
copyright Megan Kingsley Gale
Do not reproduce without the author's written permission

If you found this helpful, contribute $5 or $25 to the Hospital Handbook Project today to support this resource (website and blogposts).

Want to learn more?  Contact me about our related online, self-paced courses.

The author can be reached through the Hospital Practice Handbook's Facebook Page.  Just use the "message" feature on that Facebook Page.